Thursday, 11 November 2010

Questionnaires: Obtaining Quantitative/Qualitative data

Questionnaires: Obtaining Quantitative/Qualitative data
Questionnaires are a most convenient and inexpensive way of gathering information from people and could be used to cover a large geographical area. They could be used to either gather quantitative or qualitative data and they are also a better way of reducing interviewer bias because there are “no verbal or visual clues” that could influence a participant (respondent) to answer in a certain way. Questionnaires could be sent through post to a large number of people in different geographical areas. However, some participants may send the questionnaires back while others may not respond.
The objectives of the study could be achieved if Questionnaires are well defined and well designed; so that they could achieve the intended purpose of the study being conducted.
Qualitative Method
Qualitative questionnaires could be used to gather facts about people’s beliefs, feelings, experiences in certain jobs, service offered, activities and so on. The questionnaire is designed in such a way that participants have freedom to express their views in response to the question asked without any influence or clues from the interviewer.
The questions are open ended to allow the respondents to write either positive or negative responses based on the type of questions. The data gathered in this way is helpful if the researchers seek to understand how people feel about certain issues; for example: experiences in using certain products, feelings about service offered by surgeries, hospitals, and restaurant and so on. This type of research method could be useful for companies who seek to understand the experiences and feelings of consumers who use certain products. Responses from the participants could influence the company to change strategies in designing certain products quickly to suit the needs of consumers.
 However, this type of research method may not be helpful if the researchers are interested in quantifying and confirming hypotheses about certain occurrences. The good thing about Qualitative questionnaires is that they are flexible and could be worded in different ways to allow participants to give responses in their own words compared to a “yes or no.”
Quantitative Method
Quantitative questionnaires are a best way to gather numerical data that could be used to confirm hypotheses about occurrences.  Closed ended questions are used in this type of method and are assigned numerical values for the responded to choose from; such as allowing participants to choose their age groups. Then, the respondents choose answers from the given list and have no chance to express their views or opinions about the questions. For example, participants could be asked to rank their feelings based on the given scale; for example, a scale of 1 to 5; 1 being poor and 5 being best. The results are then analysed and placed in graphs, bar charts and so on.
How could we make sure that questionnaires are well understood by respondents?
The key thing about questionnaires is that they should be simple and written in a well understood language; for example, direct language. Otherwise, researchers would not get the information they would be looking for.
Robson, C. (2002). Real World Research (2nd). UK: Blackwell Publishing
DJS Research. Qualitative Research. Retrieved November 10, 2010, from  
Walonick, D., S. (1993). Everything you need to know about Questionnaires. Retrieved November 10, 2010, from   


  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

  2. This comment has been removed by the author.

  3. From the records keeping ideas and in view you also gain much of the informative ideas that help you understand about the common difference between the quantitative and qualitative data but you choose the right one for you. quantitative data set

  4. Couples have always faced a lot of problems and used a variety of ways to combat them. But the advent of the online survey service has rekindled many flames. Using a survey is a great way to reconnect. questionnaire service

  5. can 2,3,5,7 point scales (mixed) use in a single research? Please.

  6. Thank you so much, very informative.

    1. Get Data collection definition and information from here Data Collection

  7. That was very helpful. Thank you the poster

  8. thank you for this post you did a whole lot !!!

  9. Get Data collection definition and information from here Data Collection

  10. Very much helpful information, Thanks for sharing.
    Get Research Methodology information from here Research Methodology

  11. Complete the simple 2 min Target Guest Survey and you could Win $1500. Get all the details for completing survey & more
    Target Customer Survey

  12. Hello, My Dear friends Hi!! Hope you all are doing well. Are looking for the Big Lots Survey at

    And Do you want to know about What time does Big Lots Store Open? and What time does Big Lots Store Close?

    Big lots customer service Number and Big Lots Store Locations Near Me.

    If you don’t know so don’t worry my friends, cause Here we have explained all Big lot survey, Big lots rewards,

    that would help you to save your time and fuel. There is no necessary to go visit Big Lots Store yourself.

    big lots survey number

    big lots transaction number on receipt